Standardized Field Sobriety Test Course
Session 1 - Introduction
Glossary of Terms
An abnormal paleness or lack of color in the skin.
Mental disorder characterized delusions and the projection of personal conflicts,
that are ascribed to the supposed hostility of others.
Drug paraphernalia are the various kinds of tools and other equipment used to
store, transport or ingest a drug. Hypodermic needles, small pipes, bent spoons,
etc., are examples of drug paraphernalia. The singular form of the word is
"paraphernalium". For example, one hypodermic needle would be called a "drug
An autonomic nerve that commands the body to relax and to carry out tranquil
activities. The brain uses parasympathetic nerves to send "at ease" commands
to the muscles, tissues, and organs.
Drugs that mimic neurotransmitter associated with the parasympathetic nerves.
These drugs artificially cause the transmission of messages that produce lower
blood pressure, drowsiness, etc.
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PDR (Physician's Desk Reference)
A basic reference source for drug recognition experts. The PDR provides
detailed information on the physical appearance and psychoactive effects of
The second phase in the DWI detection process. In this phase the officer
observes and interviews the driver face to face; determines whether to ask the
driver to step from the vehicle; and observes the driver's exit and walk from the
A contraction of PHENYL CYCLOHEXYL PIPERIDINE, or PCP. Formerly used
as a surgical anesthetic, however, it has no current legitimate medical use in
PHENYL CYCLOHEXYL PIPERIDINE (PCP)
Often called "phencyclidine" or “PCP”, it is a specific drug belonging to the
Dissociative Anesthetics category.
Physiology is the branch of biology dealing with the functions and activities of life
or living matter and the physical and chemical phenomena involved.
Literally, "hair standing up", or goose bumps. This condition of the skin is often
observed in persons who are under the influence of LSD.
POLY DRUG USE
Ingesting drugs from two or more drug categories.
The third phase in the DWI detection process. In this phase the officer
administers field sobriety tests to determine whether there is probable cause to
arrest the driver for DWI, and administers or arranges for a preliminary breath
PRELIMINARY BREATH TEST (PBT)
A pre-arrest breath test administered during investigation of a possible DWI
violator to obtain an indication of the person's blood alcohol concentration.
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It is more than mere suspicion; facts and circumstances within the officer’s
knowledge, and of which he or she has reasonably trustworthy information, are
sufficient to warrant a person of reasonable caution to believe that an offense
has been or is being committed.
A mental state characterized by a profound sense of intensified or altered
sensory perception sometimes accompanied by hallucinations.
Methods of investigating the mental (psycho-) and physical characteristics of a
person suspected of alcohol or drug impairment. Most psychophysical tests
employ the concept of divided attention to assess a suspect's impairment.
Literally, "creating psychosis" or "giving birth to insanity". A drug is considered to
be psychotogenic if persons who are under the influence of the drug become
insane, and remain so after the drug wears off.
Literally, "mimicking psychosis" or "impersonating insanity". A drug is considered
to be psychotomimetic if persons who are under the influence of the drug look
and act insane while they are under the influence.
The expansion and relaxation of the walls of an artery, caused by the surging
flow of blood.
The number of expansions of an artery per minute.
PUPILLARY LIGHT REFLEX
The pupils of the eyes will constrict and dilate depending on changes in lighting.
The continuous, irregular change in the size of the pupils that may be observed
under room or steady light conditions.
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